While driving, we are bound to experience all manners of road conditions. Springs are part of the suspension system that works in tandem with shocks and trusts to support your vehicle’s weight, absorb the road impact and keep the wheels firmly grounded.
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The stiffness and wounding of the suspension springs affect the handling performance of your vehicle and smooth driving. Springs are important to modern vehicles because they provide precise handling and capability to bear loads comfortably. You see when you are driving your car come in contact with various types of terrains including rough patches, speed bumps and potholes. This ups and down can be quite uncomfortable. However, automobiles are fitted with springs which absorb much of this up and down motions hence keeping your ride as smooth as comfortable.
Springs are vital in automobiles suspensions. It is worth noting that there are different types of springs. Below are the four main types of springs.
Coil springs are very common. They are spherical/coiled, mostly used on front suspension systems. They often found in heavy trucks and older cars. While they carry heavy loads, they do not offer the best rides in terms of smoothness. It is actually hard to find them in smaller modern cars.
Just like the coil springs leaf springs are often found on trucks and older cars. They look like long metal strips placed on top of each other and usually have a curved shape. While they can handle heavy loads, they can’t provide smooth rides. Leaf springs are common in trucks’ rear suspension. However, they can be used together with independent rear suspension axle to make a lightweight suspension in performance cars. They are firmly held together by a center bolt.
Steel leaf springs are among the oldest and commonly used design. The good part is that you can tweak the number, length, thickness and width of the spring leaves to fit different requirements for ride control and load bearing.
Torsion springs are adjustable and space efficient springs. They do not get compressed. Instead, the rod is attached to control arm. It is twisted when the control arm is in up and down movement. This means that you can adjust the height of your car accordingly
These springs have been used widely in vehicles with short-long arm suspension systems. It twists as weight is placed on the suspension system. Manufacturers endear these springs due to lightweight and compactness features. A threaded screw is used to control torsion springs making it easy to fine-tune the suspension height of your vehicle. Lastly, torsion springs are versatile since they can be attached to either lower or upper control arms.
Read more about your car’s suspension systems: